HEED MD Data <Beta> Version 1.26

Historical Marine Mortality Events Project



About the Content

Retrievable meta-data regarding past marine disease and mortality incidents occurring throughout the world and in particular within the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and along the Atlantic Coast of the U.S. are needed to establish potential linkages with large-scale environmental factors and to establish potential trends over time and space.

The goal of this program is to help charactierzie status and trend of environmental condition for coasts and estuaries. Environmental condition can be reflected in the health of valued resources. Documentation of disease and mortality events can be used to infer changing environmental condition. The research emphasizes effects of disturbance factors on coastal aquatic ecoystems. Historical data on vulnerable populations of corals, fish and shellfish are essential to understanding these changes. Consequently, historical data are required on mortalities and disease of marine oranganisms. The ability to examine these historical data in a spatial and temporal context is essential to undersanding the relevance of current mortality events and trends in environmental condition.

Data provided are extracted from newspaper files, journal articles, individual state data records and personal documentation of marine-related dieseases and mortalities throughout these regions. Such data may be retieved in geospatial and temporal contexts to allow comparison of events over time and space through directed queries. The data are available in delimited ASCII format as part of the application. Such a flat file export violates the relational integrity of the original multi-variate source data and has caused replication of some occurrences.


About Software

This website provides the opportunity to search and browse data using a web browser. A CD-ROM containing these data and associated stand-alone applications allows the user to access both the Internet-based data and create a data repository of their own.




User Acknowledgment:

By using data, software, or other information accessed through either the CD-ROM or Internet Portal application - a snapshot of a live ever-changing product, you are agreeing that, in any publication or presentation of any sort based wholly or in part on material so accessed, you will:

1. Acknowledge the use of specific records from contributing databases in the form appearing in the 'Citation' field thereof (if any); and in any event acknowledge the use of the HEED MD facility in the following prescribed form:

"Accessed in B.H. Sherman (ed.), <Insert DATE>. HEED MD Distributed Data Search (HEED MD World Wide Web electronic publication: <Insert VERSION>."

Example: "Burreson; Eugene M. and Calvo; Lisa M. Ragone.1996. Epizootiology of Perkinsus Marinus Disease of Oysters in Chesapeake Bay; with Emphasis on Date Since 1985. Journal of Shellfish Research:15:1:17-34 Accessed in B.H. Sherman (ed.). 2003. HEED MD Distributed Data Search (HEED MD World Wide Web electronic publication 1.26"


Please reference all photographs, documents, or database information that you use within your document. For general references that refer to aggregated information in the citation format as follows: (recommended by the library staff at the California Academy of Sciences)
EXAMPLE 1: General Reference

HEED MD: Health Ecological and Economic Dimensions of Major Disturbances.[web application]. 2000.
Teaneck, New Jersey: The HEED MD Database [a non-profit organization].
[Accessed: Oct 10, 2003]

For citing specific information (i.e. the species involved, a particular report) the reference should include not only the HEED MD Project but also the actual source of the information as elaborated. It is best to include the URL address for the data so that the exact query can be duplicated.
EXAMPLE 2: Specific Reference

The HEED MD Database. [web application]. 2003.
Occurrence ID 1177 Obsrecno 529 Citation ID 512 "Mammal: Bottlenosed Dolphin Mass Mortality"
Disturbance data from Lipscomb; T.P.; F.Y. Schulman; D. Moffett & S. Kennedy"|"1994"|"Morbilliviral disease in Atlantic bottlenose dolphins from the 1987- 1988 epizootic"||"Journal of Wildlife Diseases""30"4""567-571" regarding Morbilivirus investigation.
[Accessed 20 December 1998]

2. For information purposes, provide to the HEED MD Webmaster the full citation of any publication you make (printed or electronic) that cites HEED MD or any constituent part. heedmd @

3. It is required that copywriteable material derived from the content of this data system, specifically cite or quote an appropriate review article, such as: Sherman. B.H.; 2000. Marine Disturbance; A Survey of Morbidity; Mortality and Disease Events. Marine Pollution Bulletin Vol.41. No 1-6; pp.232-254 associated with the HEED MD data system and its compilation methods...... or should the findings represent new insight,

4. It is expected that a co-authorship opportunity be provided to protect prior effort and further support the validity (validation process) of the pre-assembled data. Address inquires/offers to "ben @ heedmd .org".

Users beware

HEED MD renders information prepared by contributors accessible through dynamic on-line publication. The HEED MD group has not peer-reviewed the quality of all of the aggregated data provided. However, we are confident that the data are the best available in electronic form.
Users must recognize that the analysis and interpretation of data requires background knowledge and expertise regarding marine disturbance (including the contextual ecosystems and species present). Users should be aware of possible errors in the use of species names, georeferencing, data handing and mapping. They should crosscheck their results for possible errors, and qualify their interpretation of any results accordingly. Appropriate caution is thus necessary in the interpretation of results derived from HEED MD.

Users must be aware that HEED MD data were compiled somewhat inconsistently from individual contributors. Some researchers contributed a great deal of meta-data and other provided only partial meta-data. More data are missing than present (as is always the case). for appropriate contextual, explanatory and interpretive information, and for relevant metadata, users should collaborate with the intermediate data provider - HEED MD - and also refer questions that they have concerning such issues to individual contributors. A web-forum is provided here for this purpose. Questions about the HEED MD database or GIS functions themselves should be directed to the HEED MD webmaster and may also be posted in the forums on this website.